Structural Over-Determination of Education Reforms and Agency

  • Slavko Gaber Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Veronika Tašner Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Keywords: expert council, change in society, change in education, missed opportunity, baccalaureate, gymnasium, general education, vocational education, socialism, governance

Abstract

This article attempts to conceptualise the relationship between the individual (professional) and the structural in a period of relatively radical changes in society. The challenging and revealing dialectic of such relations is analysed through the combination of auto-ethnographic reflections and archival documents showing the changes in the functioning of a council of experts in a country that experienced and coped with three fundamentally peaceful transitions: the transition from a self-managed socialist economy to a market economy, the transition from a one-party socialist system to a representative liberal democracy, and from a republic that was part of a federal state to an independent state. The Expert Council of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia (then still part of the Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia), later renamed the Expert Council of the Republic of Slovenia (at that time a liberal democracy with a market economy and an independent state), can serve as an example of the productive intertwining of individual (expert) and the structural in the formulation and the implementation of the functional transformation of the educational system. The contextualised account and assessment of the shifts that together helped bring about the independent state and its education system formation outlines the complexity and importance of reflexive governance in the times of transition, which, in itself, brings to the fore a number of relevant issues and invites and supports change in the educational system. Such an opportunity should not be missed by the country and its educators.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bachelard, G. (1966). Le rationalisme applique [Rationalism applied]. PUF.

Bernstein, B. (1973). Class, codes and control. Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Bernstein, B. (2000). Pedagogy, symbolic control and identity. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Bernstein, B. (2003). Class and pedagogies: Visible and invisible. In A. H. Halsey, H. Lauder, P. Brown, & A. Stuart Wells (Eds.), Education, economy, and society (pp.197–217). OUP.

Beyond self-management with the foundations of Marxism. (1988). Onstran samoupravljanja s temelji marksizma [Beyond self-management with the foundations of Marxism]. Mladina – (priloga Prizma), 22(18), 23.

Bourdieu, P., & Passeron, J.C. (1970). La reproduction [Reproduction]. Minuit.

Castel, R. (1995). Les Métamorphoses de la question sociale, une chronique du salariat [The metamorphoses of the social Question, a chronicle of the salariat]. Fayard.

Castel, R., & Martin, C. (2014). Changement et le pensées du changement Change and thoughts of change. La Découvert.

Dewey, J. (1900/1937). The school and society. The University of Chicago Press.

Durkheim, E. (1922/1956). Education and sociology. The Free Press & Collier-Macmillan.

Fullan, M. (2005). Fundamental change – international handbook of educational change. Springer.

Fullan, M. (2008). The six secretes of change. John Wilwa & Sons.

Foucault, M. (1984). Polemics, politics, and problemizations. In P. Rabinow (Ed.), The Foucault reader (pp. 381–390). Pantheon Books.

Gaber, S., & Tašner, V. (2009). Vidna, nevidna pedagogika in spopad v (srednjem) razredu [Visible, invisible pedagogy and conflict in the (middle) class]. Sodobna pedagogika, 60(1), 282–299.

Hargraves, A., & Fullan, M. (2009). Change wars. Solution Tree.

Kirn, A. (1986). Samoupravljanje s temelji marksizma na razpotju? Self-government with the foundations of Marxism at a crossroads?. Teorija in praksa, 23(12), 1422–1425.

Krek, J. (Ed.) (1995). White paper on education [Bela knjiga o vzgoji in izobraževanju]. Ministrstvo za šolstvo in šport.

MI (Minutes). (1988, October 20). Skrajšani zapisnik 1. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 22. 9. 1988 [Abbreviated minutes of the 1st meeting of the Slovenian Council of Expertise for Education – 22. 9. 1988]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1989a, January 30). Skrajšani zapisnik 2. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 24. 11. 1988 [Abbreviated minutes of the 2nd meeting of the Slovenian Council of Expert Councils on Education – 24. 11. 1988]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1989b, May 17). Skrajšani zapisnik 3. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 8. 2. 1989 [Abbreviated minutes of the 3rd meeting of the Slovenian Council of Education – 8. 2. 1989]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1989c, June 16). Skrajšani zapisnik 4. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 1. 6. 1989 [Abbreviated Minutes 4. meeting of the Slovenian Expert Council for education – 1. 6. 1989]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1989d, September 4) Skrajšani zapisnik 5. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 28. 6. 1989 [Abbreviated minutes of the 5th meeting of the Slovenian Education Expert Council – 28. 6. 1989]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1990a, May 11). Skrajšani zapisnik 8. seje Strokovnega sveta Republike Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 12. 4. 1990 [Abbreviated minutes of the 8th meeting of the Council of Expertise of the Republic of Slovenia for Education – 12. 4. 1990]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1990b, May 29). Skrajšani zapisnik 9. seje Strokovnega sveta Republike Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 24. 5. 1990 [Abbreviated minutes of the 9th meeting of the Council of Expertise of the Republic of Slovenia for Education – 24. 5. 1990]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1990c, August 17). Skrajšani zapisnik 10. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 14. junij. 1990 [Abbreviated minutes of the 10th meeting of the Slovenian Council of Education and Education – 14. 6.1990]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1990d, September 10). Skrajšani zapisnik 11. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 5. september 1990 [Abbreviated minutes of the 11th meeting of the Slovenian Council of Education – 5. 9. 1990]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1990e, November 20). Skrajšani zapisnik 12. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 15. november 1990 [Abbreviated minutes of the 12th meeting of the Slovenian Council of Expertise for Education – 15. 11. 1990]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MI (Minutes). (1991, January 8). Skrajšani zapisnik 14. seje Strokovnega sveta SR Slovenije za vzgojo in izobraževanje – 20. december 1990 [Abbreviated Minutes 14th Meeting of the Slovenian Council of Education – 20. 12. 1990]. Arhiv Republike Slovenije, škatla 46, popisna enota 204.

MIC-NM. (2021). Medpodjetniški izbraževalni center Novo mesto. https://www.sc-nm.si/mic/en

Milharčič Hladnik, M., & Šušteršič, J. (1986). Šolska reforma je papirnati tiger. [The education reform is a paper tiger]. Krt.

Tašner, V., & Gaber, S. (2017). Selected elements concerning the background of encounters defining the power of education. In M. Sardoč & S. Gaber (Eds.), Fifty years of the Coleman report (pp. 115–130). Faculty of Education UL.

Tocqueville, A. (1856/2011). The Ancien régime and the French Revolution. CUP.

Walzer, M. (1983). Spheres of justice. Basic Books.

Published
2021-06-23